Treatment of Advanced Retinal Diseases
Treatment of advanced Retinal and Diabetic Diseases:
Our ophthalmologists are able to carry out procedures to treat diabetes related eye disease and retinal eye disease. These include Retinal Laser procedure, intravitreal injections of Anti-VEGF (Luncentis and Avastin) and Triamcinolone, diabetic vitreous hemorrhage, diabetic tractional retinal detachment and conventional retinal detachment. We also provide retinal lasers to treat retinal diabetic changes, retinal breaks and peripheral retinal degenerations.
Retinal and Diabetic diseases:
During a retinal tear, laser treatment seals the layers of the retina together. If not treated, fluid leaks through these tears or holes causing these layers to separate and detach. This causes loss of vision depending on the degree of detachment.
- Diabetic Eye Disease (Diabetic retinopathy)
Diabetes mainly causes 2 types of damage to the retina. In the 1st type of damage, leakage occurs from small blood vessels causing swelling which, if it occurs in the center of vision, can blur vision. Laser can be used in some individuals to stop this leakage. In the 2nd type of damage, existing blood vessels are blocked and new blood vessels grow into the eye where they can break and bleed. Laser treatment is used to stop these blood vessels from growing and reducing the risk of vision loss.
- Aging Retinal Disease (Macular degeneration)
As the eye ages, abnormal blood vessels can grow under the retina in the center of sight in some patients. If this happens, the straight ahead vision used for reading can be lost. Laser is effective in some cases in destroying these abnormal blood vessels and stabilizing vision.
Getting ready for a laser treatment session:
- Eat your meals as usual (or bring a snack).
- It is suggested that someone accompany you.
- Take your eye drops and all medications as usual.
- Your eyes will be very sensitive to light when the pupils are dilated so wearing sunglasses is recommended. This is very important on bright, sunny days.
What happens during laser treatment?
- Your pupils will be dilated to give your doctor a good view.
- You will be seated at a microscope, similar to the one used in your doctor’s office, as the laser beam is controlled through the microscope.
- Local anesthetic (freezing drops) will be placed in your eye. This is to prevent discomfort from the special contact lens placed on your eye to hold your lids apart. This lens also magnifies the area being treated.
- During treatment, you will see bright flashes of light. Laser treatment is almost always painless, although sometimes a patient may have slight discomfort.
- The treatment will take 5 – 15 minutes, depending on the amount of treatment needed.
After the laser treatment
- Your vision will be blurred immediately after your treatment, due to the dilation drops. This will clear in 3 – 4 hours.
- Continue your usual eye drops and medications.
- Your doctor will instruct you about any activities that you should limit.